Aerospace Engineer Career Course Eligibility Scope Salary
Aerospace engineering is the study of the design, development, and production of air and spacecraft. This engineering discipline is often divided between those who pursue careers on the aeronautical side and those working on space craft. Both air and space vehicles contain complex subsystems that require specialists from many engineering groups such as electrical, mechanical, and computer engineering.
However, the broad knowledge of air and space craft possessed by aerospace engineers best equips them to serve as systems engineers or engineering project managers on most aerospace projects. Aerospace engineers functioning as systems engineers or engineering project managers on projects manage aerospace development and upgrade efforts from an enterprise perspective.
Aerospace engineers typically specialize in one of two types of engineering: aeronautical or astronautical.
Aeronautical engineers work with aircraft. They are involved primarily in designing aircraft and propulsion systems and in studying the aerodynamic performance of aircraft and construction materials. They work with the theory, technology, and practice of flight within the earth’s atmosphere.
Astronautical engineers work with the science and technology of spacecraft and how they perform inside and outside the earth’s atmosphere.
Aeronautical and astronautical engineers face different environmental and operational issues in designing aircraft and spacecraft. However, the two fields overlap a great deal because they both depend on the basic principles of physics.
Duties of Aerospace Engineers
Aerospace engineers typically do the following:
- Direct and coordinate the design, manufacture, and testing of aircraft and aerospace products
- Assess proposals for projects to determine if they are technically and financially feasible
- Determine if proposed projects will result in safe aircraft and parts
- Evaluate designs to see that the products meet engineering principles, customer requirements, and environmental challenges
- Develop acceptance criteria for design methods, quality standards, sustainment after delivery, and completion dates
- Ensure that projects meet quality standards
- Inspect malfunctioning or damaged products to identify sources of problems and possible solutions
Education Needed To Become An Aerospace EngineerA career in aerospace as a scientist or engineer requires four to seven years of college study following high school. A bachelor's degree requiring four years of study is the minimum necessary to enter this field. Colleges and universities also offer graduate programs where students can obtain master's and doctoral degrees. The master's program usually takes two years. An additional two to four years is needed to earn a doctorate.
A starting position as an engineer, mathematician, physical scientist, or life scientist requires a bachelor's degree. (A master's and/doctoral degree is highly desirable in life sciences.) Some examples of engineering degrees required are electrical/electronics, aerospace, and mechanical. Other types of bachelor's degrees that may lead to aerospace careers are: physics, chemistry, geology, meteorology, mathematics, experimental psychology and biology.
Engineering technicians typically earn a two-year Associate of Science degree. Some may continue for two additional years and obtain a bachelor's degree in engineering technology. Others may earn a bachelor's degree in engineering or one of the physical sciences. A few complete a five-year apprenticeship program offered at some NASA field centers.
Skills To Become An Aerospace Engineer
Aeronautical engineers should have an eye for detail and be good at problem-solving. They need mathematical precision and design skills, computer skills, and the ability to communicate well. They also need good planning ability and a knack for working under pressure. An aeronautical engineer needs to be physically fit an may need to often work at great speed especially in checking and maintenance of aircrafts during turnarounds. They must have a normal colour vision.
Preparation For An Aerospace Career
Education is a critical requirement. What are your favorite subjects?
Mathematics and science are the basis for as aerospace technology career. Decisions you make in school can affect your career possibilities. Some of the recommended high school courses are listed below.
Algebra, Biology, Calculus, Chemistry, Computer Mathematics, English, Geometry, Math Analysis, Physics, Trigonometry.
Types of Aerospace Career
Pilots or Crew Members of a Spacecraft
Pilot Astronaut, Mission Specialist, Payload Specialist
Astronomer, Chemist, Geologist, Meteorologist, Oceanographer, Physicist
Biologist, Medical Doctor, Nutritionist, Physiologist, Psychologist
Computer Scientist, Mathematician, Statistician, Systems Analyst
Quality Control Inspector, Ground Radio Operator, Teletypist
Aerospace/Astronautics, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Environmental, Industrial, Materials, Mechanical, Nuclear, Petroleum, Plastics, Safety, Systems
Aerospace Model, Aircraft, Avionics, Electrical/Electronics, Engineering, Fabrication, Materials, Pattern Maker and Molder
Architectural, Electrical, Mechanical
Artist, Audiovisual Specialist, Editor, Education Specialist, Photographer, Public Relations, Writer.
Career Advancement Opportunities for Aerospace Engineer
Even though the experts expect slow growth in this career field, career advancement opportunities still exist for those with the right skills. According to BLS, aerospace engineers that set themselves apart from the rest are the ones who have modeling and simulation skills in addition to a standard aerospace engineering background.
The aerospace industry mainly conducts upgrades of its original air and space craft, and these upgrades require extensive testing to make sure that improvements work as expected and when implemented no original functionality is lost.
Most engineering and information technology organizations now rely heavily on modeling and simulation and computer based testing as a cost-effective way to test their systems. Aerospace engineers who know how to use these collaborative test tools save their organizations time and budget on projects.
Career tips for all aerospace engineers are to keep skills fresh and relevant through continued education and training and to network with other professionals by joining the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics an aerospace professional association.
Salary Prospect for Aerospace EngineerAerospace engineering salaries depend upon many factors including experience, industry segment, job location, and educational credentials. Senior-level aerospace engineers obviously command higher salaries than their junior-level counterparts. Additionally, aerospace engineers that work on defense systems that require security clearances often have higher salaries than those simply working on commercial aircraft upgrades.
According to Payscale the average salary for an Aerospace Engineer in India is Rs 620,972 per year.