Civil Engineer Career Course Eligibility Scope Salary
Civil engineers design, build, supervise, operate, and maintain construction projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. Many civil engineers work in design, construction, research, and education.
Duties of Civil EngineersCivil engineers typically do the following:
- Analyze long range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data in order to plan projects
- Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning the stages of, and risk analysis for, a project
- Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies, verifying that projects comply with various regulations
- Perform or oversee soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations
- Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
- Provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility
- Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
- Perform or oversee surveying operations in order to establish reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
- Present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or descriptions of property
- Manage the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure
Types of Civil Engineers
Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled and built in accordance with plans and specifications. These engineers typically are responsible for the design and safety of temporary structures used during construction.
Geo-technical engineers work to make sure that foundations are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.
Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.
Transportation engineers plan, design, operate, and maintain everyday systems, such as streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors.
Civil Engineer EducationCivil Engineers need a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, in one of its specialties, or in civil engineering technology. Programs in civil engineering and civil engineering technology include coursework in math, statistics, engineering mechanics and systems, and fluid dynamics, among other courses, depending on the specialty. Courses include a mix of traditional classroom learning, work in laboratories, and fieldwork.
A number of universities offer formal civil engineering degrees. These can range from an Associate’s degree to a Master’s degree, although the most common is a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering. What’s the difference between these degrees?
- Associate’s degree in Civil Engineering Technology – This two year program prepares those who wish to work in Civil Engineering, but not with the responsibility of being a project leader. Individuals with an associate’s degree work as assistants to Civil Engineers, doing research, testing (such as soils testing) and turning rough drawings into finished products.
- Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering – This four to five year program is the standard civil engineering degree. Students who gain their bachelor of science have been trained in both general civil engineering subjects and a specialty in one of the various civil engineering disciplines.
- Masters of Science in Civil Engineering – For those who wish to continue their engineering studies, a master’s of science degree is available from some institutions. Engineers with a master’s degree often work as professors in universities or in the development of new technologies.
Required Skills For Civil EngineersCivil engineers should have an innate engineering personality and possess qualities like creativity & curiosity. Civil engineers should have an analytical mind and be detail-oriented. People skills are of sheer importance and civil engineers should be excellent team players because the work involves interaction with many people in a wide range of fields.
Decision-making skills : Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience.
Leadership skills : Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.
Math skills : Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Organizational skills : Only licensed civil engineers can sign the design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the job site as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.
Problem-solving skills : Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must be able to then utilize their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.
Speaking skills : Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings, and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy to understand concepts.
Writing skills : Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, and urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. This means that civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background.
Salary Prospect for Civil EngineersIn India, a fresh civil engineer can expect between Rs. 30,000 to Rs.40,000 per month depending on rank and seniority. After gaining experience, a civil engineer may receive a promotion to supervisor and can can earn Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 90,000 a month.
Scope of Civil Engineering In India
Civil engineering is the very fast growing branch in India. Till the year 2020, 400,000 professional civil engineers are required for jobs in civil engineering sector but there are only 60,000 civil engineers are available. Indian government need civil engineers in high amount but due to lack in the civil engineering professionals governments are delaying their works. In this career guide today we’re going to talk about civil engineering as a career in India.
Indian government has declared to give Rs.56,000,000,000,000 for the development of India. For better package computer knowledge is must needed in the upcoming professionals. According to the latest report by NassComm, In future civil engineers are going to have good demands.